An Application of ANN Trained by ABC Algorithm for Classification of Wheat Grains

Ahmet Kayabasi

Abstract

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) have emerged as an important tool for classification problem. This paper presents an application of ANN model trained by artificial bee colony (ABC) optimization algorithm for classification the wheat grains into bread and durum. ABC algorithm is used to optimize the weights and biases of three-layer multilayer perceptron (MLP) based ANN. The classification is carried out through data of wheat grains (#200) acquired using image-processing techniques (IPTs). The data set includes five grain’s geometric parameters: length, width, area, perimeter and fullness. The ANN-ABC model input with the geometric parameters are trained through 170 wheat grain data and their accuracies are tested via 30 data. The ANN-ABC model numerically calculate the outputs with mean absolute error (MAE) of 0.0034 and classify the grains with accuracy of 100% for the testing process. The results of ANN-ABC model are compared with other ANN models trained by 4 different learning algorithms. These results point out that the ANN trained by ABC optimization algorithm can be successfully applied to classification of wheat grains. 

Keywords

Classification;wheat grains;, image processing technique;artificial neural network;artificial bee colony algorithm

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Submitted: 2017-12-17 20:01:03
Published: 2018-03-29 15:53:52
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